Verve Industrial Protection assessed the history of OT cyber attacks and determined where they are likely headed based on twenty-five years of industrial cyber security experience in ICS environments.

Most predictions from ten years ago about a rapid rise in cyber-physical attacks did not come true. Certainly, there has been significant financial damage to many firms resulting from powerful intrusions and attacks. However, relative to the IT world, OT has remained relatively unscathed.

The real question is what the patterns of historical attacks, emerging threat vectors, and new OT initiatives connecting to ever more physical systems in the cyber world mean for the next decade.

Operators are not strategically planning for this year or next. They make long-term investments in cyber security initiatives that take time to mature. This document is intended as a perspective on what a ten-year outlook might look like, drawing on history and creative analogies.


Download the e-book to learn more about how the history of IT and OT cyber security informs our predictions, draws implications and recommends the best actions to take.


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